„Many things depend on its smooth ratification by the states,“ Idrisov said. „I hope that Kazakhstan, with the support of the government and Parliament, will be a model for rapid ratification of the agreement and will encourage the main signatory countries to ensure its rapid entry into force. Most UN member states signed the agreement in April; Idrissov said technical data delayed his country`s signature. The document will come into force after the signing of the majority of countries responsible for global greenhouse gas emissions. The platform is an essential part of Kazakhstan`s national emissions trading system, which was established in 2013 as the main instrument for regulating domestic CO2 emissions and promoting the development of low-carbon technologies. Today, Kazakhstan`s national emissions trading system covers all major companies in the energy, oil and gas, mining, metallurgical, chemical and processing industries. T1 – Long-term mitigation of climate change in Kazakhstan in the context of a post-Paris 3 agreement. Strengthen national technical, institutional and expertise capacity to prepare national communication and biennial filings, including data collection for the national GHG inventory, implementation of sustainable action on climate change, and government assistance in integrating climate change issues into national development policies in priority economic sectors. Speakers also stressed the need to develop regional cooperation and the exchange of experiences in implementing the SDGs with countries near and far. In his presentation, Mr. Bulat Yessekin said that national strategies should be put in place in Kazakhstan and other countries in the region, with common water resources, taking into account climate change forecasts and reduced water flows. According to him, it is impossible to ensure the sustainable development of Kazakhstan without taking into account the interests and needs of neighbouring countries, as well as adequate attention to the intensive growth of the region`s population and, therefore, to the expansion of arable land.
With oil production at a record high in 2019, Kazakhstan is deepening its dependence on fossil fuels and taking no steps to achieve a Paris trajectory consistent with the agreement. Kazakhstan should not meet its goal of the Paris Agreement, which is by far considered „insufficient“. If the CTU assessed Kazakhstan`s current policy, they would be deemed „extremely unsatisfactory“. Modernization of existing coal-fired power plants and planning to replace some coal capacity with natural gas are short-sighted, as gas is not a solution to the deep decarbonization needed to keep warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius.