Bilateral and multilateral cooperation is becoming increasingly important because of the strong international interdependence between economy, politics and culture. Bilateral/multilateral activities are no longer exclusively the business of traditional international forums and institutions, but have adopted new forms such as geostrategic networks and regional cooperation projects. In recent years, bilateral relations with the various member states of the Portuguese-speaking community, such as Angola, Cape Verde and East Timor, have been considerably strengthened. Because of its close relations with other countries, the settlement of areas in which it is necessary to define international rules or to reaffirm its participation in international organizations, as well as other democratic states, Portugal relies on bilateral or multilateral treaties, agreements or conventions, on voluntary and discretionary foreign policy instruments. Cultural agreements are particularly appreciated by candidate countries for EU membership as a strategy for rapprochement with the European Union. As part of development cooperation, bilateral and multilateral activities have been supported in this framework, focusing on integrated actions focused on achieving the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development by 2030. The benefits of bilateral policies lie in the high intensity and very specific outcomes that cooperation between two partner countries can bring. These are then integrated into the regional and multilateral context. Countries and regions with which Austria has agreements on education cooperation through the BMBWF include Israel, the Russian Federation and the States of South-Eastern Europe. With regard to the last three projects, Portugal`s Skills Implementation Guide – Evaluation and Recommendations was made available in 2018, as well as the evaluation of educational resources in Portugal. In addition, as part of the Education 2030 project, a network of Portuguese schools has been set up nationally and around the world to share experiences and discuss program management and changes in learning environments, so that all students acquire key skills for the 21st century. As part of bilateral cooperation, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education (Ministério da Ciéncia, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior – MCTES) and the Ministry of Education (Ministério da Educao – ME) are working with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and preparing the negotiation of agreements, protocols and other forms of international cooperation.
In general, the content of these agreements requires, in some cases, additional regulation defining specific measures of cooperation and assistance. At the national level, Dakar`s work continued in two main areas: aid in the development of national education plans for Portuguese-speaking African countries and projects to develop bilateral and multilateral cooperation under the Education for All project, and more recently, through the 2030 Education Programme, based on the Incheon Declaration and enshrined in Goal 4 for Sustainable Development, adopted in September 2015 as part of the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development, which aims to ensure inclusive education, quality for all and lifelong learning.